Geraniums are very resistant flowers, beautiful to look at and easy to care for. Let’s see how to grow them in pots or the garden.
Simple not only to grow but also to take care of, geraniums are a perfect plant to decorate, with their beautiful colors, terraces and balconies during the summer. Able to create patches of color visible even from a distance, geraniums are divided into many varieties, they love the half shade and the coolness.
CULTIVATION OF GERANIUMS IN POT
Let’s see, step by step, how to grow geraniums in pots and how to take care of them to have flowers that are always lush and with bright and bright colors :
HOW TO CULTIVATE GERANIUMS
Geraniums love Mediterranean temperatures and live very well between 15 and 25 ° C. On the other hand, they do not bear very high temperatures, except for some original varieties of places characterized by very hot summers. Those of Caucasian origin prefer full sun, those from mountain areas instead need partial shade.
It is a plant of few pretensions but, to grow well, it requires a fertile, fresh and well-drained soil/soil. At the bottom of the pot put a layer of gravel and a good universal potting soil.
HOW TO PLANT GERANIUMS
The simplest technique for propagating geraniums is the division of tufts. Alternatively, around April and May, geraniums can be multiplied by cuttings. Obtain the cutting from the more robust shoots about 10 cm long: cut immediately under the knot with a sharp knife to avoid fraying the fabrics, cleaned and possibly disinfected by flame. Bury the cutting and protect the pot with plastic wrap to ensure heat and humidity.
HOW AND WHEN TO PIT THE GERANIUMS
The geranium is repotted in the spring with peat and clay soil. The pots must be proportionate to the size of the plant: not too large, otherwise, the roots take up a lot of space at the expense of leaves and flowers.
Do not overdo it with fertilizing and, during the period of vegetative recovery, generally between the end of February and March, use an organic fertilizer capable of promoting growth and flowering.
HOW TO WATER THE GERANIUMS
While during the winter season, it is good to water the geraniums only from time to time, in summer the plant instead requires a greater quantity of water. Increase the watering hand in hand with the development of the new leaves and avoid any stagnation of water: before proceeding with the subsequent irrigation, make sure that the soil is dry.
HOW TO RUN THE GERANIUMS
Eliminate the withered flowers and the yellowed leaves to allow the production of new leaves and new flowers. During July, at the end of flowering, cut the ground plant to favor a possible second flowering for some varieties.
FLOWERING OF GERANIUMS
During the formation of the buds, it is useful not to keep the plant in full sun to promote an intense color.
During the winter, the geraniums must be protected from the intense cold and frost: as already mentioned, reduce the watering and eliminate the dried flowers and leaves.
If you keep the plants on the balcony, place them in a well-protected corner while if you decide to move them to your home, choose a bright area and avoid placing them near the fireplace or radiators.
In case of snow and very cold temperatures, stop the already sporadic watering to avoid that the ground freezes making the plant die.
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